A single origin coffee is a coffee that is sourced from a single geographic region. This may refer to a coffee grown from a single country, a region, an estate, a lot or even a microlot. The area in which the crop is grown and other factors such as soil, climate, altitude and shade can result in dramatically different coffees.
Single origin coffees tend to be high-quality coffees with unique flavors and aromas – the kind that farmers feel may fetch a higher price by separating it from the rest of their harvest. This separation makes it possible for you to trace your coffee’s journey from seed all the way to your cup. For supporters of a particular cause (e.g. Organic, Fair Trade, Bird-Friendly, etc.), single origin coffees are an obvious choice as they are traceable.
For coffee enthusiasts, single origin coffees can breathe new life to your daily brewing routine. Since no two coffees are the same, it can be fun to discover new and distinct flavors for each new batch of coffee that you brew. The nuances of single origin coffees are best extracted with alternative brewing methods such as filters, vacuum pot, French Press and cold brew. They are best served as black coffee without milk or sugar to fully savor the origin’s flavor, body and acidity.
While it is still possible for some single origins to be brewed as espresso, you need finer tuning to pull a decent shot, and in the process, waste more coffee before you get that perfect cuppa. The concentrated espresso also tends to amplify the distinct flavors of a single origin resulting in an overpowering cup of coffee that may not be for everyone.