Similar to Catimor, Sarchimor is a collective group of varieties with similar parentage rather than a distinct coffee variety.
In 1967, coffee breeders in Portugal created Hybrid 361 (H361), the first to be dubbed “Sarchimor”, by crossing Villa Sarchi and Timor Hybrid. H361 was sent for further trials in Costa Rica and was designated T5296.
It is from this central trial in Costa Rica that T5296 was sent out to national breeding programs in the region which further developed the different varieties of Sarchimor: Parainema in Honduras; Cuscatleco in El Salvador; Limani in Puerto Rico; Obata, Tupi and IAPAR 59 in Brazil.
Sarchimors inherit the disease resistance from Timor Hybrid and the compact stature from Villa Sarchi, making them an attractive choice for coffee farmers.
Similar to their cousins, the Catimors, Sarchimors tend to be considered to have inferior taste profile due to the Robusta influence from their Timor lineage.
However, depending on the cultivation and processing methods, Sarchimors can still produce a good taste profile.